Want to talk about the weather in Japanese? Good!
First, if you want to know how to say weather in Japanese… it’s “tenki.”
Japanese people love talking about the tenki! It’s a popular topic because of how varied the weather is in Japan. Humid summers! Typhoons! Rainy season! Cold, dry winters! So, you’ll need these Japanese weather words and phrases.
Let’s jump in.
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Part 1. Basic Japanese Weather Words
First, you need to know the basics. Like, how to say weather in Japanese. Well, technically, you already know that because I gave away the answer up top.
Let’s start with the basic words, adjectives and phrases.
|2||weather report||天気予報||tenki yohō|
|6||The weather is…||天気が…. です。||tenki ga… desu.|
|7||It is…/It will be….||….です。||…desu.|
Kyou wa… desu.
Based on this table above, if you use the pattern “天気が…. です” (tenki ga… desu / the weather is… ) and an adjectives, like good (良い – ii) or bad (悪い – warui), you can start talking about basic weather.
So, good weather in Japanese is: “天気がいいです” (tenki ga ii desu / the weather is good.)
Bad weather in Japanese is: “天気が悪いです” (tenki ga warui desu / the weather is bad.)
By the way, in English, you wouldn’t say “The weather is hot”, right?
You’d just say “it’s cold” or “it’s hot.”
Same thing in Japanese. You shouldn’t say “tenki ga samui desu.”
Instead, you can use “….です” (…desu/ it is/it will be) or “今日は…です” (kyou wa … desu/ today is…).
So, hot weather in Japanese would be: “暑いです” (atsui desu/ it’s hot). Or, you can say, “今日は暑いです” (Kyou wa atsui desu / Today is hot.)
And to describe cold weather in Japanese, you’d say, “寒いです” (samui desu / it’s cold.)
Now, let’s talk about more specific weather.
Part 2. Specific Japanese Weather Words
Well, “good” and “bad” are pretty general, right? So is “hot” and “cold.”
But, what if you wanted to talk about sunny weather in Japanese? Or, that it’s windy? Or cloudy? Or that a chunk of hale hit you square in the face, knocked out a tooth, and then you were mercilessly rained down upon? Well, that’s too much, but you get the point.
If you want to say that it’s windy in Japanese… or that it’s rainy in Japanese… check out the words below.
ame ga futteimasu
yuki ga futteimasu
|35||It is windy. (lit: It is strong wind.)||風が強いです。||
kaze ga tsuyoi desu.
|36||It is windy (2)||風があります。||
kaze ga arimasu.
|37||It’s sunny.||晴れです。||hare desu.|
|38||It’s cloudy.||曇りです。||komuri desu.|
kaman ga arimasu.
|40||There’s a thunderstorm.||雷雨があります。||raiu ga arimasu.|
If you take a look at some of those last phrases, you’ll see how useful “desu” is. You can use it to say…
- hare desu – it’s sunny.
- ame desu – there’s rain.
But, if you want to talk about the action like “it’s raining” or “its snowing,” you need to say:
- ame ga futteimasu – it’s raining.
- yuki ga futteimasu – it’s snowing.
The verb “降る” means “to fall” but only in the weather sense. As in, when rain or snow are coming down.
Part 3. Japanese Weather Phrases & Questions
Aside from knowing the words, here are some fun phrases and questions to know.
- Tenki wa dou desuka?
- How is the weather?
“Dou” means “how” and “tenki” you already know, right? Right?! Then, the “ka” is a question marking particle that you add to end of a sentence — it’s how to ask questions in Japanese.
- Ashita no tenki wa dou desu ka?
- How will tomorrow’s weather be?
“Ashita” means “tomorrow.” By the way, as you already know, “kyou” is “today.” So, you can switch the words and use “Kyou” if you wanted to specifically ask about today’s weather.
- Ii tenki desu ne
- It’s good weather, isn’t it?
The “ne” is another Japanese particle that can be translated as “right,” or “isn’t it?” You usually seek agreement or a response from the other person when you say that.
This is one of the most common Japanese small talk phrases.
- Tenki ga kyuu ni kawatta.
- The weather changed suddenly.
“Kyuu ni” means suddenly. This is a very common adverb and is on my Japanese adverbs list. “Kawatta” is the past tense of the verb, “kawaru,” meaning to “change.”
- Tenki ga kaifuku shita.
- The weather improved.
“Kaifuku” means “improvement” and a good word to know overall. That is, if you want your Japanese to “kaifuku.” If you add the verb “suru,” meaning “to do,” it becomes “kaifuku suru” or “to improve.”
- Tenki ga waruku natta.
- The weather turned bad.
“Waruku” comes from “warui” that you learned up above. But when you combine it – or any i-adjective, with a verb like that, the final “i” becomes a “ku.” “Natta” is the past form of “naru” which is “to become” or “turn into.”
- Kono tenki ni iyakegasashitemasu.
- I’m sick of this weather.
I just think this is a very relatable phrase. “Iyake ga sasu” is a verb that means “to get sick of” or “tired of.”
- Saikin mainichi ame desu ne.
- It’s been rainy every day lately.
“Saikin” means “recently” and “mainichi” means everyday. This would be a good phrase for the rainy season in Japan.
- Samuku natte kimashita ne.
- It’s getting colder, isn’t it?
During the transition into winter, you might want to comment about this change to your neighbors and colleagues. There is not too much heating in Japanese buildings, so everyone will be starting to feel the cold setting in.
- Atsuku natte kimashita ne.
- It’s getting hot, isn’t it?
Summers in Japan can get very hot. Many people will be dreading the summer heat and this could be a topic that everyone could relate to. You could share and talk about how you can cope with the summer.
Back to You!
Now you know some Japanese weather words, right?
If you want season related words, check out…
With your newfound knowledge, go ahead and leave me a comment.
Tell me what the weather is like where you are now. Do it in Japanese.
– The Main Lingua Junkie