April 20, 2021
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Japanese Adverbs List – 120+ Adverbs to Know

Looking for a Japanese adverbs list? A list of fukushi (副詞)?

Yes, that’s right, fukushi means adverb in Japanese.

Now, that you know that important tidbit, let’s move on.

Before you become a genius at Japanese adverbs, I just need to make sure that you know what an adverb is.

So, what’s an adverb? Long story short, It’s a word or phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, among some others. For example, “he runs quickly.” Quickly is an adverb there and it gives us a better sense of how he runs. For example, he can quickly, slowly, giddily, on occasion, or rarely (because he hates running.) So, now that you know what adverbs are, let’s move onto Japanese adverbs.

japanese adverbs list

1. Introduction to Japanese Adverbs

Here’s a quick crash course in Japanese adverbs. Japanese adverbs (fukushi) are either…

  • Adverbs made from adjectives
    • i-adjective adverbs (take out the final i and replace it with “ku” to make it an adverb. For example oishii because oishiku)
    • na-adjective adverbs (add “ni” to make it an adverb. For example, kirei because kirei ni)
  • Or, adverbs not related to adjectives

You’re going to learn both. While the overall list of Japanese Adverbs contains over 120+ words, there are more for you to know. However, don’t worry too much about all these words. If you read part 4 of this guide, you’ll learn how to learn these words and words in general.

Now, let’s move on to the actual “fukushi.”

2. Adverbs From Adjectives

With all the Japanese adjectives out there, this list can be massive. So, if you can remember that “i-adjectives” get a “ku” to replace the final “i,” and that “na-adjectives” get a “ni,” you’ll be fine.

Here’s a list of some basic Japanese adverbs you should know.

English Japanese Romaji
1 cheaply 安く yasuku
2 quickly 早く hayaku
3 well よく yoku
4 quietly 静かに shizukani
5 simply 簡単に kantan’ni
6 cleanly きれいに kireini
7 loudly/noisily うるさく usuaku
8 badly 悪く waruku
9 enjoyably 楽しく tanoshiku
10 deliciously おいしく oishiku
11 newly 新しく atarashiku
12 coldly 寒く samuku
13 with difficulty 難しく muzukashiku
14 enthusiastically 熱心に nesshin ni
15 cutely かわいく kawaiku
16 strongly 強く tsuyoku
17 weakly 弱く yowaku

3. Japanese Adverbs List – Not Related to Adjectives

Below is a 100+ Japanese adverbs list for adverbs of time, frequency/degree, manner and such. These are “fukushi” not related to adjectives.

English Japanese Romaji
1 a little 少し sukoshi
2 a lot たくさん takusan
3 about, approximately ほぼ hobo
4 afterall やはり yahari
5 afterall やっぱり yappari
6 already もう mou
7 always いつも itsumo
8 as much as possible, if possible なるべく narubeku
9 at last, finally ようやく youyaku
10 barely 僅かに wazukani
11 certainly/indeed たしかに tashikani
12 completely 全て subete
13 completely 全部 zenbu
14 consequently その結果 sono kekka
15 considerably 相当 soutou
16 daily 日々 hibi
17 day after tomorrow 明後日 asatte
18 day before yesterday 一昨日 ototoi
19 definitely 絶対に zettai ni
20 enough, sufficiently 十分 juubun
21 eventually 最終的に saishuutekini
22 every day 毎日 mainichi
23 every month 毎月 maiktsuki
24 every morning 毎朝 maiasa
25 every night 毎晩 maiban
26 every time 毎回 maikai
27 every week 毎週 maishuu
28 every year 毎年 maitoshi
29 exactly 丁度 choudo
30 extremely 極めて kiwamete
31 fairly かなり kanari
32 finally やっと yatto
33 finally ついに tsuini
34 finally とうとう toutou
35 frequently しばしば shibashiba
36 generally 一般に ippan ni
37 Giving it all you can 一生懸命 isshoukenmei
38 gradually, little by little だんだん dandan
39 gradually, little by little 徐々に jojoni
40 hardly めったに mettani
41 immediately 今すぐ ima sugu
42 in addition, その上 sonoue
43 in succession 次々(に) tsugitsugi
44 in the future 未来に mirai ni
45 in the future 未来に mirai ni
46 increasingly, more and more ますます masumasu
47 just a little ちょっと chotto
48 last month 先月 sengetsu
49 last night 昨夜 sakuya
50 last week 先週 senshuu
51 later 後で ato de
52 likewise 同様に doyou ni
53 maybe たぶん tabun
54 meanwhile その間 sono aida
55 more or less, though not quite satisfactorily 一応 ichiou
56 mostly, nearly, almost [zero] ほとんど hotondo
57 never 決して kesshite
58 nevertheless それなのに sorenanoni
59 next month 来月 raigetsu
60 next week 来週 raishuu
61 normally 通常 tsuujou
62 not at all 全然 zenzen
63 not at all ぜんぜん zenzen
64 not very あまり amari
65 not very たいして taishite
66 not very あまり amari
67 now ima
68 occasionally たまに tamani
69 often よく yoku
70 often しょっちゅう shouchuu
71 often たびたび tabitabi
72 passably まあまあ maamaa
73 previously 前に maeni
74 probably おそらく asoraku
75 quietly, freely, leisurely のんびり nonbiri
76 quite なかなか nakanaka
77 quite だいぶ daibu
78 rarely あまり amari
79 rarely めったに~ない metta ni~nai
80 rather むしろ mushiro
81 really, actually 実に jissai ni
82 really 本当に hontou ni
83 reasonably そこそこ sokosoko
84 recently 最近 saikin
85 slowly ゆっくり yukkuri
86 some day いつか itsuka
87 sometimes ときどき tokidoki
88 soon 間もなく Mamonaku
89 soon すぐに sugu ni
90 soonish, any time now そろそろ sorosoro
91 surely きっと kitto
92 the other day 先日 senjitsu
93 this evening/tonight 今夜 konya
94 this morning 今朝 kesa
95 thoroughly すっかり sukkari
96 today 今日 kyou
97 tomorrow 明日 ashita
98 usually/normally 普通 futsuu
99 usually/normally 普段 fudan
100 very とても totemo
101 very 大変 taihen
102 very ずいぶん zuibun
103 very much 非常に hijouni
104 without exception 必ず kanarazu
105 yesterday 昨日 kinou
106 yet まだ mada

4. How to Learn Japanese Adverbs

First and foremost, you need to remember how to create “fukushi” from adjectives.

So, as a reminder, remember…

  • I-adjective adverbs (take out the final i and replace it with “ku” to make it an adverb. For example oishii because oishiku)
  • Na-adjective adverbs (add “ni” to make it an adverb. For example, kirei because kirei ni)

The reason I mention these rules three times now is because repetition is the mother of all learning. You can read something once… and forget it. You can read this all twice and still forget it.However, if you read it 5, 10 or 20 times over a period of time, it’ll get lodged into your brain. Just like how you should now remember that “fukushi” means “adverb.”

So, how do you learn this big Japanese adverbs list?

  • Do not try to cram it all. Ever read a dictionary in a 3 or 4 hour sitting? Of course you didn’t. It’s painful and it’s not a good use of your time.
  • Review occasionally. How? Print this page. Print the PDF. Re-read once every week or so, by reading these words and saying them out loud. Maybe spend 5 to 10 minutes maximum.

If you want the Japanese Adverbs PDF, click on the image below to download. Yours free.

Japanese Adverbs list PDF

  • More importantly, read actual Japanese. You’ll come across these words… and you’ll wonder, “hmm, I definitely saw 実に before.” You’ll go look up it up and what do you know, it’s that adverb you learned here. And because you’re now coming across it a 4th or 5th time, you’ll never forget it.

– The Main Lingua Junkie

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