Learning Kanji is a good sign that you’re a serious learner, well on your way to improving your Japanese and not diddling around forever in romaji and anime. People say you need to know 1,945-2,000 Joyo Kanji in order to comfortably read.
So, how do you learn all that Kanji, Kanji, Kanji?
Here’s a big list of learning strategies you should, or perhaps shouldn’t, use for your own studies. And please, feel free to comment below and add your own ideas.
✅ And hey, if you want to learn & speak Japanese with a complete learning system, (2,000+ audio/video courses, apps, study tools and more) Sign up at JapanesePod101 (click here) and start learning! I recommend ’em as a teacher & learner.
1. Memorizing & Drilling Single Kanji Characters on Flashcard Apps
One popular form of studying Kanji is… getting an app that has a list of Kanji, and studying it flashcard-style – drilling the meanings of each single Kanji again and again – until you know them.
The method is: you’re usually presented the character, its meaning and/or reading and you need to swipe, drill, and match until you have 100% success rate. This is often done with spaced repetition apps like Memrise or Anki.
- The good points of this method are…
- This teaches you to recognize the character on sight
- Know its meaning or reading on sight
- You’ll keep seeing them until you master them
- App study makes for easy drilling
- Knowing individual readings will help you with new words
- The bad points to this method are…
- Studying 1 character at a TIME will take a LONG TIME
- 1 character at a time is impractical – unless it represents a word, you won’t see it by itself
- Sure, it can help you know readings for words you don’t know yet… but why not just go directly into learning vocabulary, which is the ultimate goal?
- You’ll never know how to write it without physical practice
- And as such, I do not recommend this method unless you’re a Kanji lover in search for some challenge or torture
2. Memorizing & Drilling Japanese Vocab in Kanji Form on Flashcard Apps
Similar as #1, except here, you’re not focusing on one measly character at a time, but instead, focusing on vocabulary itself, and indirectly picking up Kanji.
The method is similar, drilling words until you know them. Except here, you’re getting their kanji, reading and such.
The good points of this method are…
- It’s more efficient: You’re learning actual words instead of 1 character at a time
- You’re boosting your reading skills
- You’re boosting your speaking & range of expression
- You also learn the kanji while you’re at it
- You can focus on vocab of certain topics: real life, food, business, etc.
- App study makes for easy drilling & reviewing
The bad points of this method are…
- You’ll never know how to write it without physical practice
3. Collecting, Writing New Kanji/Words in a NoteBook
Ah, the old school, manual way. So, if you’re going through a textbook or just somehow, come across a new Kanji… you’ll need to remember it. But how? Collecting is the way to go. Currently, I don’t now of an App that allows you to collect & build lists (please let me know otherwise) for study & review. So, a notebook it is.
The method is simple. Come across a new word in real life, textbook, or anime? Gots to note it down! You can look it up by radical with jisho.org and find the exact word that you were given. You can also learn the proper stroke order.
- You learn to write the characters
- Writing things down commits them to memory better
- Keep on adding new words to your ever growing list
- Easy review with a glance of your notebook
- I’m a fan of the notebook + pen method. But that’s just me.
- You can look up words based on your own interests & have personalized lists rather than follow someone else’s.
- Tedious and not efficient. Looking the characters up and then writing them up is work.
- Hell, I shouldn’t call this a bad point – the reality of language is that it’ll require work. But, you know, people don’t like work and expect things to be fun!
4. Reading, Textbooks, and General Passive Pickup
Best way to boost vocabulary? Reading, hands down. Since Japanese vocab & Kanji go hand in hand, reading is a great way for general passive pickup of Kanji. And if you’re using Rikai-Chan or Rikai-Kun, and are reading online sites, you can get the translations on the spot.
The method is simple. All you have to do is read, keep reading, and read some more. Come across a new word/Kanji? Look it up, get the meaning and keep on going. With enough reads, you’ll recognize it without a problem.
- Boost your reading skills
- The more you read, the more ingrained the words become
- Guaranteed way of coming across new & must-know Kanji
- Instant translation if you’re doing this online
- It’s passive learning – hence less stressful
- It’s passive learning and it’ll take a while for you to remember it.
- Reading by itself is tough for beginners
- Not as effective if you’re not collecting the new Kanji you come across
5. Writing Kanji in the Air
Okay, this is a MINOR tip but it helped me learn how to write Kanji, Hiragana and Katakana. Basically, you write the character out in the air. Why you ask? You’re applying more than one sense to the learning experience and you’ll be able to remember it better.
Synesthesia: the production of a sense impression relating to one sense or part of the body by stimulation of another sense or part of the body.
Basically, it’s a neurological phenomenon where other senses help you master a skill that’s considered mostly cognitive. For example, this would include geniuses seeing numbers as colors instead of numbers. However, this is a minor tip.
6. Learning Through Association instead of Memorization
Trust me, you’ve used association before. PEMDAS? WTF? All of these things stand for something. ROYGBIV? They’re acronyms that have bigger meanings (words) but you remember them easier because they’re acronyms.
With association, you make something complex (cough, kanji, cough) simpler by associating it with something simpler.
The method. So, how does it work? Here’s an example. The Kanji for mountain and river are based on pictures – so they kind of look like a mountain and a river.
But of course, not every Kanji is a dead obvious picture. What about more complex Kanji? Use your imagination. Let me give you one more example from my Association article.
Example 1. 社長, shachou meaning BOSS.
The way I remembered 社長 was by calling it “net e/x” or “net e over x.”Why? The first Kanji, 社, has what looks like a Katakana “ne” or ネand the part right after it, looks like the letter t that’s underlined. Thus, net. The second Kanji, 長, looks like a fraction to me… E over X. And so, it was titled as such.
So, in this case, I am using the following concepts to make an association.
- english words/letters
This means you can use anything you want to create an association that’ll help you remember Kanji better. It’s a lot less painful than memorization.
- Easier than memorization & less work
- Lets you be creative
- Requires you to be creative. Too much brainwork for some.
- Might be too much if you’re drilling massive amounts of Kanji
7. A Japanese/English Electronic Dictionary
Believe it or not, Japanese students in actual classes get these despite all the apps out there. Why? I’d assume they’re more efficient when you’re dealing with textbooks, workbooks, and other physical learning material. Plus, the teacher would prefer if you didn’t diddle with your iPhone instead. I’ve actually never used one but saw other students use them.
- Useful if you’re working with textbooks and physical learning material
- Distraction free (curse you, smart phones)
- Could be expensive
What other effective (OR NOT) ways of studying Kanji are there? Dictionaries? Paper flashcards?
Leave me a comment below and let me know which way works best for you…
And what sucks!