For Beginners: Learn Russian Sentence Structure. 10 Ways!

RussianNEW42Welcome back, Junkies!

You know some Russian vocab. Now you need some Russian sentences. Don’t want to speak like Tarzan right? That’s why today, you’ll learn common Russian Sentence Structure! More, specifically, you’ll learn the top 10 Russian Sentence Patterns.

Know these patterns and you can stick words in… and make your own sentences!

So take this lesson & learn some Russian sentence structure!

  • Read and review and review and review: SUCCESS comes from repetition and practice!!
  • Print it out as physical review material (I do this a lot)
  • Create your own sentences by plugging in your own words into A and B
  • Leave a comment with your sentences

Hey, if you REALLY want to learn & speak Russian, I suggest RussianPod101. You get 1,000+ audio/video courses, lessons by Russian teachers and a whole learning system. Sign up at RussianPod101 (click here) and start learning! I recommend ’em as a teacher & learner.

For Beginners: Learn Russian Sentence Structure. 10 Ways!

russian sentence structure

1) “Where is _____” in Russian

So, let’s start with the first Russian sentence pattern. Technically, this is more of a question. Gde means “where” and you can just plug the rest in. Gde ____?

– Где [А noun/subject]?
– Romanization: Gde [А noun/subject]?
– English: Where is [А noun/predicate]?

■ Example

– Entry: Где ванная комната?
– Romanization: Gde vannaya komnata?
– English: Where is the bathroom?

2. Saying where you’re going.

Alright, in this example – you can see the typical Russian sentence structure. Subject + Verb Predicate.

– Entry: A subject B verb/predicate на балет.
– Romanization: A subject B verb/predicate na balet.
– English: A subject B verb/predicate to the ballet.

■ Example

– Entry: Я иду на балет.
– Romanization: Ya idu na balet.
– English: I’m going to the ballet.
A subject B verb/predicate читать.

3) Saying “I Love _____” in Russian.

Super common sentence. What do you love? Fill in the blank!

– Entry: Я люблю ____.
– Romanization: Ya lyublyu ____.’.
– English: I like ____..

■ Example

– Entry: Я люблю читать.
– Romanization: Ya lyublyu chitat’.
– English: I like reading.

4) How much is _____ ?

Good pattern to know… if you’re going to buy stuff in Russia.

– Entry: А adverb B demonstrative pronoun стоит?
– Romanization: А adverb B demonstrative pronoun stoit?
– English: How much is B?

■ Example

– Entry: Сколько это стоит?
– Romanization: Skol’ko eto stoit?
– English: How much is this?

5) My name is ______.

Another one that’s super important to know. This is the line you’ll use to introduce yourself in Russian.

■ Target Pattern

– Entry: Меня зовут A subject.
– Romanization: Menya zovut A subject.
– English: My name is A.

■ Example

– Entry: Меня зовут Анна.
– Romanization: Menya zovut Anna.
– English: My name is Anna.

6) How to Get Somewhere.

Let’s say you’re asking for directions. Here’s how you ask. In the example below, we’ll use the “station” referring to the train station.

■ Target Pattern

– Entry: Как пройти ______?
– Romanization: Kak proiti _____?
– English: How can I get to _____?

■ Example

– Entry: Как пройти на станцию?
– Romanization: Kak proiti na statsiyu?
– English: How can I get to the station?
А subject свободно B verb/predicate на двух языках.

7) Target Pattern

– Entry: А subject свободно B verb/predicate на двух языках.
– Romanization: А subject svobodno B verb/predicate na dvuh yazykah.
– English: A fluent in B two languages.

■ Example

– Entry: Я свободно говорю на двух языках.
– Romanization: Ya svobodno govoryu na dvuh yazykah.
– English: I speak two languages fluently.

8) Combining two verbs

Say you want to travel. Or you’re going to travel. See that? That’s a combination of two verbs like – I want to eat or I plan to eat. Below is a common Russian sentence pattern for that.

■ Target Pattern

– Entry: A subject B verb/predicate путешествовать.
– Romanization: A subject B verb/predicate puteshestvovat’.
– English: A subject B verb/predicate to travel.

■ Example

– Entry: Я еду путешествовать.
– Romanization: Ya edu puteshestvovat’.
– English: I’m going to travel.
Что A demonstrative pronoun значит?

9) Asking “What does _____ mean?”

Another question pattern. As a Russian learner, you will need to know this. You hear a word you don’t know – Ask what it means!

■ Target Pattern

– Entry: Что ______ значит?
– Romanization: Chto _____ znachit?
– English: What does ____ mean?

■ Example

– Entry: Что это значит?
– Romanization: Chto eto znachit?
– English: What does this mean?

10) How to say “I have a ______” in Russian.

Want to know how to say… I have a spoon, a cold, a book, a monkey? Well, all you need is “U menya ______” and fill in the blank. Take a look below as to how this Russian sentence pattenr works.

■ Target Pattern

– Entry: У меня ___.
– Romanization: U menya ___.
– English: I have a ___..

■ Example

– Entry: У меня простуда.
– Romanization: U menya prostuda.
– English: I have a cold.

And we’re done.

By now, you know the top 10 most common Russian sentence structure – patterns. All you have to do is plug words in to make your own sentences.

This lesson is, of course, for beginners.

Let me know what you think.

Be sure to review this lesson!

– The Main Junkie

P.S. I highly recommend this online course for Beginner Russian learners. If you REALLY want to learn to Russian with effective audio & video lessons by real teachers – Sign up for free at RussianPod101 (click here) and start learning!